It’s easy to keep on worming our horses in the belief that the drugs are killing the parasites and all is well. But how do we know they are working? What if some worms have become resistant and are slowly breeding a population of parasites on your grazing land that are untouchable by chemicals? The good news is that we can test to see how effective the drugs have been and Westgate Labs is stepping in to make this as easy as possible for horse owners.
“Resistance is a very real threat that is facing our horses, and other grazing animals” commented Equine Veterinary Surgeon, Carolyn Cummins. “Just like antibiotics, repeated exposure to our limited chemical armoury over time has enabled the worms on our pastures to turn. Unchecked this leaves our animals susceptible to endemic disease caused by parasites, such as life threatening colics, colitis, haemorrhages, anaemia and lifelong intestinal scarring and respiratory disease.
“Following a regular dosing programme is no longer a guarantee that our horses are protected from the harm of parasites. We need to be monitoring them with regular worm counts and tests and, when treatment becomes necessary, doing more to measure the efficacy of the drugs we use by conducting a simple follow-up test known as a resistance test.”
For a wormer to go to market it needs to be more than 95% effective against the worms it is licenced to kill – but with regular treatment resistance on the pasture grows and egg reappearance times (as dictated in the drug’s data sheet) begin to diminish over time. This means the usefulness of a drug against a specific parasite species can be measured:
- After a positive worm egg count for redworm or roundworm that requires treatment, conduct a second worm egg count 10-14 days after worming.
- After a positive EquiSal saliva test for tapeworm treat with a recommended drug and test again 12 weeks later.
If sufficient dose has been administered correctly for the weight of the animal and the follow-up test is showing a reduction of less than 95% efficacy to the targeted parasite(s) then some resistant worms are present. For example a medium worm egg count between 200 and 1150 e.p.g. should reduce to <50 epg and a high worm egg count of 1200 e.p.g .should reduce to less than 100 e.p.g. on a follow-up test.
There is already widespread redworm resistance to fenbendazole and pyrantel based products that have been on the market for a long time and, more worryingly, localised resistance to moxidectin documented in some areas of the country. Where resistance is suspected should consult your worming advisor (a vet or SQP) for advice.
To encourage horse owners to test for resistant worms, Westgate Labs offer price reductions on follow-up worm egg count tests. To take advantage of this special offer customers must have tested previously within 4 weeks OR administered a wormer for the possibility of encysted redworm and include the box end of the wormer containing the batch code with the faecal sample.